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Harvest 2019

byMark Elcoate The bulk of harvest should should have finished by now but the changeable weather has delayed spring...

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Harvest 2019

byMark Elcoate
The bulk of harvest should should have finished by now but the changeable weather has delayed spring barley combining in some areas. Most of the wheat is in now, most going as whole crop or crimp with some excellent reported yields.
Autumn Cereals & Agronomy
Sales of barley & wheat seed has been brisk, but with a lot of orders to come as members finish harvesting. Autumn seed is fairly plentiful, depending on the variety and pleasingly the seed prices are less than last year as it reflects the lower value of ex-farm cereals.
You can sow barleys from early September through to mid- October on lighter land and wheats can be sown from end September onwards. If you wish to sow earlier, such as on heavier land then choose a variety such as Graham which will put less leaf on before winter – give us a call for advice. Remember to plan to increase sowing rates for later sown wheats, if you are sowing from late October onwards.
Spray wheats and barleys as soon as possible after drilling. Please remember that grass weed problems can only be sorted in the autumn for barleys. Products are available for pre-emergence or post emergence – this means that you can spray a residual as soon as the crop is sown, but before either weed or crop emergence. Alternatively spray after the crop has emerged usually at 1-3 leaf stage – the earlier the better generally! This is because the active ingredients work best before weed emergence or at a very early stage after emergence. Also, there are now some very effective herbicides for use on wheats in the spring which will take out fairly large grass weeds as well as Wild Oats. Remember our agronomists Mark & Brian are only a phone call away for advice on the most cost effective solution for your farm.
Autumn Fertilisers
Many farms have adequate or high levels of phosphate, so don’t waste money applying extra if you do not need it. Check the lime and nutrient levels from recent soil sample analysis and act on that information.
On some farms we can grow cereal crops with P and K from soil reserves and home supplied organics (FYM/Slurry etc.), so a lot of money can be saved by applying the right fertiliser grade. Where needed we have autumn grades of fertiliser available, such as 0.20.30 or 0.16.36, so give us a call to discuss.
Remember we have agronomists who can provide a full package for you from choosing the right seed, carefully managing your ag-chem programme through to harvesting advice.
Grass Seeds & Weeds
You can continue to sow perennial grass mixes up to September 10-20th. After this time it is getting too late as you will require 6 weeks of no frost weather for enough establishment cover to carry the grass through to the spring.
Recent mild autumns have encouraged later sowings, however, if the grass seeds do not establish quickly enough you will be left with an ingress of ‘weed’ grasses by spring which will affect the long term productivity of the ley. However, Italian Ryegrass mixes can continue to be sown up to mid-October and is often an opportunity after maize?
Any reseeds should be sprayed for weeds before the end of October, this allows the grass to tiller and establish ground cover without the smothering effect of chickweed & others. September can also be a good time to spray perennial grassland weeds like docks and thistles with a translocated herbicide. Plants are starting to send nutrients down to their roots ready for winter, so spraying docks now will be quite effective and leave the swards cleaner come next spring. Remember, as long as the weeds are actively growing (i.e. before any frosts) it will be cost effective.
Dealing with Slug Damage
Due to a wetter summer slug levels have been rising, and with rain continuing throughout August populations are increasing rapidly.
Monitor newly established cereal crops and treat at the first signs of damage. Many customers drill wheat seed with slug pellets added, especially after oilseed rape. Add slug pellets to fertiliser and apply as soon as crops germinate and repeat 2-3 weeks later if damage is still evident. The slug pellets we are using now are very effective as well as durable, rain-fast and because they are not ‘metaldehyde’ based are very safe when considering possible water course and run off pollution. There is no restriction on their use in water catchment areas and no buffer zone is required.
Make sure that you have a current qualification to spread pellets either by ATV applicator or fertiliser spreader.

Joining 真人诈金花 Farmers

We always welcome new farmer members and as well as talking to our team please feel free to complete the attached New Members Form and mail it to us with your cheque and we will handle it from there!

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